Some interesting perspectives on the king’s speech from several MENA affaires experts:
My fellow Moroccans,
01. I have spent part of my weekend reading the articles of the new proposed Moroccan constitution.
02. I have to admit that I was only able to read up to article 80 (so, I still need to read the remaining 100 articles or so)
03. My first impression about this new constitution is that the basic three elements of any constitution, namely: Judiciary, Executive, and Legislative branches are NOT INDEPENEDENT.
04. Let me be clear on the following: with all the search tools, software, etc…that I was able to use to try to correlate the different pieces of this new constitution, I am still not totally clear on how in the world, “a typical Moroccan will be able to read, understand, analyze, and actually vote with a yes/no on this complex constitution by July-1-2011 (13 days after the King’s speech)”
05. So, from a timing point of view, I will have to tell the King of Morocco: Dude, what are you thinking? You are forcing your people to read, understand, analyze, and vote on something that MOST of your people will not be able to understand. Why are you rushing this to a quick vote? Give your people time and a chance to study and debate the different articles. From my point of view, there is a clear agenda by the King and his entourage to rush a yes vote to benefit the King and his entourage.
06. As far as Morocco as a whole, there are 32 million Moroccans and 50% of Moroccans are illiterate (can’t read/write). So, this is a definite concern that the very people who do not know how to read/write will end up voting yes (usually, with purple ink on their index finger!) without even knowing what this constitution has in it.
07. Having said the above, I do like the fact that in general, the Moroccan youth have been very active, civilized, and peaceful in their “Moroccan Revolution” to demand change, dignity, democracy, etc…The Moroccan authorities are definitely worried that the “20 February Movement” = Educated people = Know how to read and write = They know what a constitution is = They know the difference between REAL and COSMETIC changes of a constitution.
08. So, here is my personal impression of just reading the first 80 articles of the new Moroccan Constitution:
…a. Morocco will have many Political Parties
…b. The people of Morocco will go to vote for the Political Party that they like
…c. THE KING Power: The Prime Minister of Morocco will be SELECTED BY THE KING from The Political Party with the most votes (This means the king has the real power)
…d. The Prime Minister can PROPOSE ministers (such as Minister of the Interior = Makhzen Police, Foreign Minister, Culture, etc…) BUT the king’s approval is needed = KING has the real power
…e. The Prime Minister of Morocco can dismiss The Parliament, BUT the King Power = The king MUST agree first
…f. The King Power: The king can also dismiss The Parliament after talking with the “Constitutional Council”
…g. BUT: The King is head of the “Constitutional Council” AND the King appoints 50% of the Judges in this “Constitutional Council”
…h. So, The King + 50% of the judges he appoints in this “Constitutional Council” MEANS that the King HAS A MAJORITY to say “YES to dismiss The Parliament”
…i. Why Do Moroccans need to care about dismissing The Parliament”? answer: If the king does not like what the people want (through the representation of Parliament”, the King will dismiss The Parliament = People’s choice. Example: Let’s say that The Parliament wants to investigate The Brother of The King for corruption and stealing money. Guess what? The King will dismiss The Parliament to protect his Brother.)
…j. The New constitution says that 20% of Parliament is needed to start a motion for corruption or 30% of Parliament is needed to sensor a “Minister of The Government: example Minister of Interior = Makhzen”. This is good, BUT remember that the King CAN DISSMISS THE PARLIAMNET which means “CORRUPTION WILL BE ALIVE IN MOROCCO”.
…k. Also, the King is “Commander of the faithful (top religious person), Commander of the Military (army only listens to the King), Commander of security police (Makhzen = Mukkabarat will continue to enforce the King’s wishes)
…l. So, basically, in a democracy, you want The Parliament to be in charge, BUT the current constitution means that the King is present at all three levels:
……. Judiciary: The King appoints 50% of the Judges and he is the Chief of this counsel
……. Legislative: The King can dismiss the parliament if he does not like the laws
……. Executive: Well, the king is in charge of Police, Military, Appointing Ministers, etc…
…m. I think it’s fair to say that the King is creating the ALLUSION of democracy by using a Prime Minister as a PROXY.
…n. The definition of a PROXY in this case is that The Prime Minister of Morocco is “POWERLESS (he/she depends on the King’s approval)” and the Prime Minister will be blamed by the Moroccans if the people feel that the government is still corrupt, ineffective, no jobs, high prices, etc…
…o. Basically, the King can just blame the Prime Minister for all the problems of Morocco!
…p. The other articles I was able to read include: adding The Amazigh language, Equality between Men and Women, No discrimination in Morocco, No torture, Respect for Islam and the King, etc…Well, these things are just given in any constitution “book”, BUT I want to see it in PRACTICE!
09. Overall, using a scale from 1 to 10, I personally believe that this constitution is rated as “2”. The good thing about this constitution is that the king is “Thinking” about empowering the “Prime Minister”, but it’s clear that the King still keeping the Prime Minister of Morocco on a leash (kind of keep the dog chained next to you!)
10. Having followed the “February 20 Movement” and their vision, I do not think that this constitution will satisfy their demands for an end to corruption, dignity, accountability, and a good Makhzen for the people, by the people, and of the people.
11. To anyone who has read my personal comment, please help us all understand the articles of this constitution that are GOOD and those articles that are BAD for Moroccans. Also, help us focus on the “TRICKS” that the writers of this constitution are playing (As I was reading the different articles, I get this feeling that one article sounds like the Prime Minister is powerful, and then another article deep in the Constitution states that the king can use a “Dahir or Courts” to override the Prime Minister).
12. Most importantly, can you please point to us some articles that clearly show that the “King of Morocco” can be OVERRULED (100%) by The Parliament of the People
Peace, Love, and Freedom to ALL!
I have to thank you ffor the efforts you’ve put in penning this blog.
I’m hoping to see thhe same high-grade contesnt by yyou later onn as well.
In truth, your creative writing abilities has motivated me to geet mmy own website
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