Over 40% of the Moroccan population is illiterate, about 60% of them are women. The state of education is beyond deplorable. There are no social guarantees for the poor. According to Human Rights Watch, Morocco has one of the highest child labor rates in the Middle East and North Africa. Although Moroccan law prohibits children under fifteen from working, government statistics suggest that at least six hundred thousand children age seven through fourteen 11 percent of all children in that age groupare engaged in economic activity. There are also between 10,000 and 14,000 street children in Morocco. According to Baiti association 98% of them are now addicted to sniffing glue.
King Mohammed VI has encouraged many changes and much of the legal framework is already at an advance stage of modernity; albeit many laws lack real translation into enforceable rules. Despite important advances in freedoms, and democracy, such as the creation of the Reconciliation and Truth Commission, the reform of the Moudawana, and various development projects, the country has experienced serious setbacks in the last few years. The authorities doubled in acts of injustice and violence against citizens, harassing journalists through illegitimate fines and trials, and imprisoning political activists.
And Some More Reasons
The monarchy has succeeded in symbolism and signs of humility, yet social justice and sharing into the country’s wealth are still a privilege of the few, rather than everyone’s right. The Makhzenian governing style inherited from the Hassan II era remains a serious problem, and the government and parliament have both failed to bring about tangible changes. Corruption is a way of life, sustained by poverty at the bottom and much bureaucratic greed.
In this climate of favoritism rather than healthy competition, Moroccans learn to despise each other, and social confidence is at the lowest, as proved by the low election turnout during the last legislative elections in 2007. Instauring constitutional mechanisms that ensure accountability is the best guarantee for Morocco to move forward.